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How to Prevent a Heatstroke

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Summer temps are rising and heat-related illness or heatstroke can happen. It’s important to know the symptoms and ways to prevent and treat heatstroke so you can enjoy the outdoors safely.

What is a Heatstroke?

Heatstroke occurs when your body is overheating due to high temperature exposure or over exertion from physical activities. When your body temperature rises to 104 F it is considered a heatstroke and requires emergency treatment. If you think you or someone you are with is experiencing symptoms, seek medical help and call 911.

What are the symptoms of a heatstroke?

  • Body temperature of 104 F or higher

  • Altered mental state of behaviors, slurred speech, irritability, seizures, confusion or coma

  • Feeling sick to your stomach, vomiting, nausea

  • Flushed skin, you may turn red and your skin is hot and dry to the touch

  • Labored breathing that is rapid and shallow

  • Throbbing headache

  • Racing heart rate

What are ways to treat a heatstroke?

It is important to cool your body temperature as quickly as possible to prevent damage to your body.

  • Cold water or Ice water bath

  • Mist your body with cool water and fans

  • Wrap yourself if cooling blankets and ice packs applied to neck, back, armpits and groin areas

How to prevent a heatstroke?

  • If possible, reduce any outdoor activities when there are excessive heat warnings

  • Frequently take breaks in shade or air-conditioned places

  • Use cool damp towels and fans

  • Take cool showers or baths

  • Keep yourself hydrated and rehydrate frequently with water or sports drinks

  • Avoid high sugar and alcoholic beverages

  • Avoid very cold drinks as these can cause stomach pain or cramps

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